The Wave Equation – Learn

The wave equation relates the velocity, frequency and wavelength of a wave. It can also be useful to incorporate the relationship between the period of a wave and its frequency.

Period and frequency: The period of a wave is inversely proportional to its frequency. and Where: = period of the wave in s (seconds) = frequency of the wave in Hz (Hertz)

Velocity, frequency, period and wavelength: The relationship between velocity, frequency, period and wavelength is represented by the following: and Where: = velocity of the wave in  = wavelength in m (metres) = period of the wave in s (seconds) = frequency of the wave in Hz (Hertz)

Example 1:

What is the velocity of a wave with a wavelength of 2.0 m and a frequency of 10 Hz?     Some questions will require the wave equation to be rearranged:

Example 2:

What is the frequency of a wave with a wavelength of 0.05 m and a velocity of 25 ?   , rearranged to give:   Some questions will require the units to be changed:

Example 3:

What is the velocity of a wave with a wavelength of 740 nm and a frequency of 400 kHz?       Example 4:

What is the period of a wave with a frequency of 2.5 kHz?     